What are the seven elements of the interior design?

What are the seven elements of the interior design?

By Atech Interiors

Published on 1st, Sep, 2022

Here are seven time-tested elements that create the best interior design: space, lighting, texture and pattern, color, line, shape, furniture, and accessories. We’ve developed a practical guide for each of the elements so you can take home design into your own hands.

Interior design is concerned with the design of an upstairs room or living area – it is often confused with interior decoration, which uses pre-built space, followed by the furniture, wallpaper, and various other features.

Interior decoration creates interior design elements (furniture, colors, and especially accessories) but thinking about the initial Space will help bring your decorative features to life.

 So let’s start:


As you’d expect, Space is attached to the room itself – the shape, size, walls, and windows – providing the building blocks for your ideas. Knowing the location well, including the size of the floor, height, any cube hole or alcove, will make decisions more manageable because you can better understand what will work with that area.

Once the room is complete, the ‘positive space’ (the place where the items or furniture will be) and the ‘negative space’ (Space) will become clear. It’s essential to find a balance between positive and negative space to make the room feel right – not too busy, not too dull.


Light can dramatically transform a room by changing textures, lines, and color effects, considering the effects of different lighting and styles.

Remember that other room elements will look different depending on the lighting, so add light to your plan to get the room you want.

There are four examples of light. The most obvious is natural light, easily controlled by installing doors and windows around the space.

Artificial lighting consists of 3 other types:

  • Task lighting (think desk lamps and bedside lighting that simplifies a specific task).
  • Mode lighting (aka ambient lighting – this is general lighting for space).
  • Accent lighting (thinking Lighting (special features, such as artwork).


Lines provide shape and form in a room and can be divided into three basic categories: horizontal, vertical, and dynamic. Lines must be used correctly to form the right shapes (see next element).

Straight lines attach balance to a room (think tables, chairs). Vertical lines convey a sense of freedom and nature (think windows, doors).

Dynamic lines add interesting movement and energy to space (think of stairs) and patterns and colors to bring the room’s design together, or patterns and colors to focus your eye on a particular place. Can tie together the use of soft dynamic lines can bring other lines into harmony.


The form is the shape of space and the things you put into it, and the shape of the lines you put into space. Take some time to think about the room’s proportions compared to the scale of the things you are putting together to make sure that the things do not occupy the space nor get lost.

Using similar shapes in a room can bring harmony, but using too many different shapes or shapes creates an unbalanced effect.

Use the form carefully in each room to give the desired effect: rectangles are rigid shapes but create flow in the room. Circles soften the room, and triangles give the feeling of the room. This image shows a hard table softened by the use of curved chairs to balance the room.

Farms can be classified into natural and human-made, open or closed forms (as you can see). Having a good understanding of space and lines will naturally create a festive look in the room.


There is a specific category for adding colors, but there are some hidden concepts that you may have thought of. It is also more towards interior decoration and fits more efficiently in your comfort zone.

The color dramatically changes the room’s feel from a calm yellow palette to a vibrant and vibrant bright color red. Remember that using darker colors will make the room look smaller, but using characteristic colors (in objects or ‘feature walls’) can be a great way to get intense colors in a small space.

Use color to create a connection between objects and furniture inside the room. It is always worth paying attention to the emotional value of color: blue is a productive color, green and lavender bring calm and serenity, red is energetic (which is linked to hunger in the dining room!) And brown can be used for a safe and secure space.

Pattern and Texture

The pattern is closely related to the color and should be used to tie and connect points of interest in different room areas. Think of painting techniques, curtains and upholstery fabric patterns, and wallpaper. Patterns should be used in conjunction with color to highlight and contrast certain areas of the room.

The structure is used for depth and points of interest and is divided into two broad groups. Visual texture and actual texture are usually discussed in upholstery and curtains – the use of rough textures creates a cozy, homely feel, and using smooth or glossy materials is more formal or noble. Great exhibitions can be obtained. The use of carpets and blankets also enhances the texture.

A contrasting structure should balance a dominant or general structure to prevent boring or domineering room design. Combine textures and patterns to create a flow of room design.

Furniture and Objects

Furniture is a practical element of design and an essential element used to combine a room and a home’s feeling. Furniture compels unique paths throughout the space and is a great way to express creativity or personality.

Placing furniture around a focal point can be a great way to highlight something, such as a fireplace, and shuffling furniture pauses can be a quick and easy way to change a room’s feel.

Objects are the most personal element of the overall design and tell the story. Personally, items used in the room should still be paired with the design and flow with the room.

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